This study contributes to the stock returns-inflation relation literature in developing countries by revisiting the issue with reference to the emerging economy, India. More specifically, it tests whether the Indian stock market provides an effective hedge against inflation usingmonthly data on real stock return, inflation and real activity from April 1980 to March 2004 and a two-step estimation procedure. Results of the study indicate that (i) the Indian stock market reflects future real activity; (ii) the negative stock returns-inflation relation emerges fromthe unexpected component of the inflation and (iii) this negative relation vanishes when we control for the inflation-real activity relation, thereby providing a strong support for Famas proxy effect hypothesis. The split sample analyses indicate that the Fama hypothesis is valid only in pre reformperiod. In the post reform period, real stock returns have been independent of inflation, i.e., the Fisher Hypothesis is valid.