What Does the Lewis Turning Point Mean for China? A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis

Author: 
Huang Yiping
Jiang Tingsong
Description: 
Working Paper Series
JEL codes: 
Abstract: 
We apply a computable general equilibrium framework to assess likely impacts of the Lewis turning point on China and the rest of the world. Modeling results suggest that China will probably transition from an abnormal economy to a normal economy with somewhat lower growth but higher inflation, which requires significant revision to the macroeconomic policy framework. China would lose competitiveness in laborintensive activities, its current account surplus should fall but overinvestment risk could rise. These changes in China should help improve other counties current accounts and boost lowcost countries production. The Lewis turning point, however, does not provide automatic solutions to some of the key challenges, such as service sector development and innovation capability. China will need to make serious policy efforts to avoid the socalled middle income trap.