The Budget for FY2009-10, expected to be presented at the session of the Bangladesh Jatyo Sangshad on 11 June 2009, comes in the backdrop of manifold challenges that the Bangladesh economy had to face in FY2008-09. From the perspective of macroeconomic governance the current fiscal year has been unusual on a number of counts. While the Caretaker Government (CTG) was in charge of macroeconomic management during the first two quarters of FY2008-09, the last two quarters were managed under the stewardship of the newly elected government. This transition in power within one single fiscal year injected uncertainties both in terms of policy making and policy continuity as well as with regard to private sector investment decisions. On a different level, macroeconomic management in FY2008-09 also became more challenging as a consequence of the high inflationary pressure on the economy during the first few months of the year. The need to address the adverse impact of the ongoing global economic crisis over the subsequent period of the fiscal year emerged as a new challenge confronting both the policymakers and the private sector.